The First Aid at Work course should last at least 18 hours, excluding breaks.
On completion of training, successful candidates should be able to;
-understand the role of the first aider including reference to the use of available equipment and the need for recording incidents and actions;
-understand the importance of basic hygiene in first aid procedures;
-assess the situation and circumstances in order to act safely, promptly and effectively in an emergency;
-demonstrate how to administer first aid safely, promptly and effectively to a casualty who is unconscious and/or in seizure;
-demonstrate how to administer cardipulmonary resuscitation promptly and effectively;
-demonstrate how to administer first aid safely, promptly and effectively to a casualty who is wounded or bleeding and/or in shock;
-administer first aid safely, promptly and effectively to a casualty who is choking;
-provide appropriate first aid for minor injuries;
-recognising the presence of major illness and applying general first aid principles in its management.
In addition, candidates should be able to demonstrate the correct management:
-soft tissue injuries;
-injuries to bones including suspected spinal injuries;
-burns and scalds;
-eye inuries including how to irrigate an eye;
-sudden poisoning and anaphalylactic shock.
To help facilitate a move to a shorter course, the syllabus should only include those elements important to the effective provision of first aid in the workplace. Within this framework, it is important that anatomy, physiology and medical aspects etc, are kept to a minimum. Therefore, the new course should provide more emphasis on essential practical elements and less emphasis on theory.
As alluded to above, the syllabus reflects a trade off between the need to be relatively specific and the need to maintain a degree of flexibility so the course can be tailored to the needs of the employers/the audience.
With this in mind, it is suggested that for the first aid management of major illness, first aiders should be able to recognise when an individual has a serious medical condition, whatever the cause, and should be able to apply general first aid principles in managing it. Placing more emphasis on specific medical conditions may suggest that the first aider will need to attempt a ?diagnosis? when dealing with a medical emergency. First Aiders should not be expected to make a diagnosis of a specific illness.
Where someone suffers an asthmatic attack, heart attack or stroke(examples of medical conditions commonly covered in current first aid at work course), while first aiders should apply general principles, there is little they can do in terms of applying procedures that would be specific to any of these conditions prior to the availability of medical expertise. Therefore the amount of detail provided on individual medical conditions should be kept to a minimum.